Write research proposal faster. Seriously!

Write research proposal faster and save your valuable time for your family!

I know you are tired writing proposals, but wait I have good news for you!

I found a new way to write research proposal or article faster than ever before.

Please bear with me. This is just a short article.


Let’s go.

It does not matter whether you are a beginner, intermediate or advanced in research writing and proposal making this article is for everyone who has a burden in creating  and writing research proposal. (Even research article).

From time to time I am engage in writing research proposal and submitting to funding agency. However, writing research proposal is time consuming.

Good thing we are not using typewriter anymore.

research proposal writing

Eight hours is not enough especially if you are a busy professor and college instructor. Let’s face it. Nowadays, multiple tasking is necessary for any professional.

Can you just imagine from conceptualization of research proposal to reviewing literature’s?

How many hours do you consume with this tedious activity?

No wonder most of people don’t like writing research paper.

Mind you that this does not include yet the writing process.

Lucky for me, I have these research writing tools which is a time saver at least.

I will not focus so much on your ability to write research proposal, because I believe you are very good at that.

Or visit how to write project proposal here.

What I will share to you is how you can save time writing your research proposal.

Based on experience, the painful part of a scientific paper writer is on citation. Suppose you read 50 literature’s for your study and insert reference one by one, this can consume your time (assuming if you have no other job aside from writing).


The pain-free, hassle-free reference manager software!

Wait, I forgot.

Its FREE, for LIFE! Seriously!


I already had access to this before, but I wish I could have used it long before rather than  lying this piece of writing software in my computer. It was intimidating at first, but once I got used to it, it works like magic to me.

With Mendeley you can maximize your time in reviewing literatures by annotating, making notes in one interface. No need to open up multiple pdf file, but rather side by side, you can compare and make some notes inside Mendeley.

Thanks to the Mendeley team.

My research proposal writing is just a click away.

I am doing more with less. I can laugh all the way writing research paper and articles. No sweat!

Alright, lets get this writing research proposal faster and easier.

Just follow the six steps to produce research proposal hassle-free and perfect.

Six steps in writing research proposal faster. YES!

Writing research proposal faster and easier: Just six steps, and your done.

 1. Install Mendeley Desktop

You can download here for FREE!!!. After installing the software you will be asked to sign up. Don’t worry there is no credit card required.

You see, I love FREE.

Mendeley lets you create an account so that you can sync all your work in your desktop or app and work anywhere.

2. Upload files to library

Once installed, upload the files to your library. Click the my library and click the add button. Search your files and add them by highlighting and click open. Use control A to select all files in pdf.

upload pdf mendeley

Now you are ready to read and review the literatures, make some notes and annotation in just one piece of software.

How’s that?

Okay, lets go to third step.

3. Enter or change details of the book, journal, reports, etc.

Actually this is optional, if you notice that there are no details found in the right pane of the Mendeley, then you need to enter the details in the section. Its easy as filling up raffle coupons. Even your child could do it.

change details pdf mendely
Here you can change the details of your pdf


4. Write research proposal in a Word document.

No further instruction here. I know you are an expert in MS Word. By the way, Mendeley also works with Mac OS and Linux.

Alright, excited to start using citation and reference manager?

Here it goes.

5. Insert citation.

With Mendeley you can cite while you write.

Just go to References menu in your Word doc and click Insert citation. You can change your citation format inside the word document. See the photo below.

insert citation write research proposal
Insert citation

After you click OK, the in-text citation will be incorporated in your paragraph. No more formating, just choose the format style in the menu and you are good to go.

So, you are now excited to finish your research proposal.

Here is the last magic I will show you.

(In my previous research writing, I do this manually. I add the references one by one, format them accordingly to the style of journal or publisher. Well, like you, I really hate this process.)

6. Insert Bibliography

Once done with your write up, with all the in-text citation included in your manuscript, you are now ready for the final process – to insert bibliography.

Unlike the manual process, it will take hours or even 1 day to do all the proper referencing. I know that most of you hate this too.

But with Mendeley, once all your pdf are uploaded in library with the correct details.

Just click insert bibliography and in a split of seconds all of your in-text citation will be added in the reference section in APA or your desired format.

Yes, in just one click.

Insert Bibliography and OK.

No hassles. No fuss.

Just Mendeley.

Alright, there it goes. I hope this article saves your time in writing research proposal.

Now, you know how to write research proposal faster.

Should you have questions, don’t forget to comment below.

Happy writing!

2016 Inter-agency research, development and extension In-house review Cluster 3: Experience

Worth the experience!

Results of 2016 Inter-agency In-house RDE review.


Last August 2 and 3, 2016 the Eastern Visayas State University held the 2nd Level RDE symposium in Borongan City, Samar.

It was participated in by different SUCs in the cluster 3 RRDEN VICARP consortium in the Eastern Visayas namely: Samar State University (SSU), University of Eastern Philippines (UEP), Eastern Samar State University (ESSU), Northwest Samar State University (NwSSU) and Provincial Local Government Unit (PLGU).

The opening message was delivered by the ESSU President welcoming the participants of the different competing universities.

Dr. Capuno gives inspirational message to researchers
Dr. Capuno gives the rational of the in-house review with an inspirational message to researchers

Meanwhile, after the opening remarks, the chairperson of the review and panel evaluator Dr. Othello Capuno, inspired the researchers by a heartwarming message to the participating researchers and SUCs. The message highlights the importance of conducting quality research in the fields of Agriculture, Fisheries and Natural Resources.

While advocating this, he also added that we do not do research for the sake of conducting research but also to compete with others and emphasized the essence of competition in Research Development and Extension work. A globally competitive research is in demand nowadays and should be the norm of researchers.

In this sense, he was right because we are now in the age of . As an agricultural country, researches should helped not just the researcher but the entire community and would be later used as sustainable development practices in the region.

Presentation of Research Paper during 2016 Inter-agency In-house reviewThe two day inter-agency RDE was participated in by 4 SUCs which is part of the 3rd Cluster. A total of 19 research and extension papers were presented. Eleven papers were under the completed research category and five research papers were on-going research. For the extension papers presented two of which are completed and one was an on-going extension activity.

Completed research papers presented

Coastal Resource Profile of Tarangnan, Samar Phil. – SSU

Rapid Aquatic Resources Appraisal, Catbalogan city – SSU

Performance Evaluation of Country Pig-Fish Integration System in Agro- Ecosystem in Northmen Samar- UEP

Inventory if Marine Resources in the Island Town of Biri -UEP

Development of Promotion of cut flower and Ornamental Plants in Northmen Samar -UEP

Increasing Productivity of wetland rice ecosystem through integrated rice-fish culture -UEP

Fermentation inhibitor of Alcohol from tuba to vinegar using ceriops tagal (rhizophoraceae) bark – ESSU

Compressive Behavior of different parts of bamboo considering the position of nodes on test specimen- NwSSU

Consumers preferences and profitability of the native and upgraded native chicken in western samar – NwSSU

Development and Creation of Vulnerability Index Management System – NwSSU

Vulnerability assessment of Coastal Communities in Calbayog City to : Basis for designing adaptation system – NwSSU

On-going Research Papers presented

Climate change impacts and adaptation among mangrove dependent communities – SSU

Raft and long-line culture method of Green mussel in Samar – SSU

Evaluation of different preparations of spent mushroom substrate as growing media component for potted plants – UEP

Acceptability and quality evaluation of fish bone tea – ESSU

Improved farming techniques of oyster -SSU

Extension (completed)

Extension project on no-wash, odorless, hog fattening technology-ESSU

Extension projet onbreeding and production of Meat type chicken – ESSU

Extension (On- going)

Breeding and dispersal of Meat type native chicken -ESSU

For me as a novice researcher, it was my second time to attend RDE. But I was impressed with the host in facilitating the activity.

If you can just imagine, in a matter of 7 and a half hour, 19 papers were reviewed and evaluated which lasted up to 5:30 pm approximately.

Dr. Capuno hoisted a right thumbs up for the host.

Engaging Social Night for Researchers

Social Night at RDE In-houseAfter the first day of presentation, dinner was served coupled with the rustic melody of the acoustic band of the ESSU. While participants were entertained with the angelic voice of the band, a singing challenge kindled when one participant challenges others to sing with the accompaniment of the band.

Fortunately our research head of San Jorge campus is talented enough to show off to all that we are not lagging behind when it comes to singing.

The second day was filled with excitement as each of participants awaits for the announcement of the winners.

Dr. Capuno said that “we should remember that this is competition”. All of us are winners because we have presented our research papers but the panel has to chose which of the entries are best amongst others.

He also reminded the presenters to present well the result and try to maximize the time alloted for the presentation.

Around 10 in the morning Aug. 3, 2016 finally the winners were announced.

Of all the entries, two were qualified to present a paper on the 3rd level symposium which will be held in Visayas State University. While others were for poster presentation.

Winners of 2016 Inter-agency In-house review

Winners of 2016 inter-agency In-house review
Winners of 2016

For completed research 3rd best paper were awarded to Samar State University and 2nd best paper is awarded to NwSSU.

“Vulnerability assessment of Coastal Communities in Calbayog City to Climate change: Basis for designing adaptation system.”

Indeed, in today’s ever changing climate, vulnerability assessment is necessary.

Check these 7 reasons why vulnerability assessment is necessary.

As a short background of the research, the researchers focused on climate change adaptation in coastal communities in Calbayog City.

Because environment and social systems is complex, adaptation to climate change is also a complex activity to achieve sustainable development.

Thus, socioeconomic and ecological profiles of coastal communities were gathered. In the age of sustainable development, assessing all four dimensions is salient in addressing adaptation options such as social, economic, governance and environment. These are all captured in the Vulnerability Index Management System (VIMS). The computation of the vulnerability index which is important for climate change adaptation were done using a software calculator (VIMS) which were also developed by the same researchers to compute for vulnerability.

While the panel appreciates the research, according to them this has to be shared to the community (which will be the next activity of the group).

Conducting research and extension is fun. It may be difficult at first but its reward is priceless.

For the winners, congratulations!

The Research Team
The Research Team

Origins of Participatory Resource Appraisal

Looking for PRA definition?


Well, PRA stands for Participatory Rural Appraisal?


PRA is not a new concept actually, and it has been around since 1990s which is very similar to qualitative methodology called RRA or Rapid Rural Appraisal.

According to Freudenberger, PRA is a tool to describe:

 “what” is going on in a population by looking at the frequency of certain events or characteristics, qualitative methods enable us to describe the reasons “why” this is so.”

Meanwhile, Robert Chambers defines PRA as

“an approach and methods for learning about rural life and conditions from, with and by rural people.”

By this, the community itself will identify their needs and thus outsiders are only facilitators.

This approach will help rural people have a sense of ownerships of the programs and projects and to make it more sustainable.

Projects which are doled out by the government and international donors are just a waste because most of it is actually from a top-bottom approach and it does not build a sense of ownership.

As the old adage “give a man a fish and you will feed him for a day, teach a man a fish and you will feed him a lifetime.”

And this is the real essence of participatory.

PRA is a bottom-up approach of policy making, community development unlike with the top-down approach where specialist and researchers are the ones who makes the decisions.

However, most of projects and programs if it were not successfully implemented, some organizations use the word “participatory” to make it more appealing to the funding organizations while missing the real process of PRA.

To give you a brief information on the origin of PRA.

I tried to look and surf the vast knowledge on the internet. Fortunately, I found a journal article by Robert Chambers that outlines the “Origins of PRA.”

Based on his article, there were five streams of related activities that were helpful in forming the process of PRA.

Here is a list of those processes and you can read the full article on the Origins of PRA here. 

1. Activist Participatory Research

This method owes much to the works of Paulo Friere in his book “Pedagogy of the Oppressed,1968” which encourages people to analyse their own situation and become empower.


  1. -that poor people are creative and capable, and
    can and should do much of their own investigation,
    analysis and planning;
  2. that outsiders have roles as conveners, catalysts
    and facilitators;


2. Agroecosystem analysis

This analysis is developed in Thailand and spread through Southeast Asia.


  • transects (systematic walks and observation);
  • informal mapping (sketch maps drawn on site);
  • diagramming (seasonal calendars, flow and
  • causal diagrams, bar charts, Venn diagrams);
  • innovation assessment (scoring and ranking different actions).

3. Applied anthropology

PRA represents an extension and application of social anthropological insights, approaches and methods, crossfertilized with others.


  • the idea of field learning as flexible art rather than rigid science;
  • the value of field residence, unhurried participant- observation, and conversations;
  • the importance of attitudes, behavior and rapport;
  • the emit-etic distinction;
  • the validity of indigenous technical knowledge.

4. Field research on farming systems

This field research on farming systems contributed a lot on the understanding on the following:

  • the complexity, diversity and risk-proneness of many farming systems;
  • the knowledge, professionalism and rationality of small and poor farmers;
  • their experimental mindset and behavior;
  • their ability to conduct their own analyses.

5. Rapid Rural Appraisal.

Around mid-1980s, the words “participation”and “participatory”entered the realms of RRA vocabulary.

According to Chambers, ” RRA methods are more verbal, with outsiders more active, while PRA methods are more visual, with local people more active, but the methods are now largely shared. The major distinction is between an RRA (extractive-elicitive) approach where the main objective is data collection by outsiders, and a PRA (sharing-empowering) approach where the main objectives are variously investigation, analysis, learning, planning, action, monitoring and evaluation by

Major differences of RRA and PRA

Based on FAO, the major distinctions of the two fields of qualitative research tools are as follows.

Rapid Rural Appraisals

  • Responding to needs of development workers and agencies
  • More emphasis on efficient use of time achievement of objectives
  • Communication and learning tools used to help outsiders analyse conditions and understand local people
  • Focus of RRA decided by outsiders
  • End product mainly used by development agencies and outsiders
  • Enables development agencies and institutions to be more “participatory”
  • Can be used purely for “research” purposes without necessarily linking to subsequent action or intervention

Participatory Rural Appraisal

  • Responding to needs of communities and target groups
  • More emphasis on flexibility to adapt to time frame of community
  • Communication and learning tools used to help local people analyse their own conditions and communicate with outsiders
  • Focus of PRA decided by communities
  • End product mainly used by community
  • Enables (empowers) communities to make demands on development agencies and institutions
  • Closely linked to action or intervention and requiring immediate availability of support for decisions and conclusions reached by communities as a result of the PRA

As you can see, PRA is not merely extracting data from the rural villages for the consumption of researchers and funding agencies. It is more on helping and empowering them to make their own programs and projects. Its the community who will decide for the projects and not the outsiders.

You can read more about Participatory Rural Appraisal here. 

PRA has been used widely by many non-government organization and researchers to help community, build and make their own projects while the experts are just merely facilitators.

While PRA proves its efficient application in the field of social science and rural development, it is only the means to an end, not the end itself.




How to write project proposal

Write project proposal with this proven tips.


Are you an extensionists or researcher who want to write project proposal or looking for templates or examples?

Wait, before I will give you those treasure sample project proposals. Let me share with you my experience on how to write a project proposal.

There is a lot of project proposal template in the internet but let me tell you, writing proposals is not that easy.

However, if you have all the skills in writing proposals for sure there is no more problem.

Proposal templates actually vary from organization to organization. It depends on who will fund the project.

So, in short, in writing your proposal, make sure you have already a target funding agency.

With that, you will be guided as to the format of the project proposal.

For me as a social scientist, I am more particular with the conceptual framework and the review of literature. Of course, every part of the proposal is important. But if you don’t read literature, your proposal might be the same hundred of proposals and project that have been funded.

In social science, we ought to change and contribute to the “the knowledge space”. In short, make a proposal that is unique, that something is worth fundable.

When I had my masters degree, I was exposed to these projects as a research assistant and somehow learned all the process in writing a project proposal. Now, while working as research assistant in an agriculture department, I also wrote some proposals. And now that I am teaching in academia, I also write proposals for research and extension activities.

These experiences dovetailed to hone my skills in project proposal writing.

When I first had my job as research assistant, my adviser would always say,

Go to the village and listen to their needs

This words lead me to my tip number one.

 Tip Number 1: Always satisfy needs of the community.


Problem Tree Analysis
Problem Tree Analysis

It’s not always what you know, but using your knowledge to help others. Life is a give and take.

Why many programs and projects fail?

Because there is “no sense of ownership”. Over and over again I heard this phrase, but what the government is doing is a dole out programs. We are not teaching people to feed themselves. We are teaching them to be lazy. Remember the Chinese proverbs?

Give a man a fish, and you will feed him today. Teach a man to fish, you will feed him for a lifetime.

For this reasons, NGOs are doing what we call participatory planning. This is to know the needs of the community.

Tip Number 2. Address the needs of your funding agency.

If you are aiming for a grant for your proposal. You must properly address their proposal format and the theme or their framework.

Do not reinvent the wheel!

you are making it hard to yourself.

Just follow their format and the research agenda.

Follow there project proposal templates which you can have for free.

Tip Number 3. Know your ability.


Project proposals requires knowledge. Your proposal should speak about your knowledge, so its important here to read literature about your studies. You might be doing something where it has already been done. Useless.

In doing a review of literature review, it is advisable to visit journal sites.

Check the following.





When you read online references, use Zotero for citation and arranging your bibliography. Its free!

Visit my research writing tools page here for more information.

Tip Number 4. Be sure of your methodology.

When you write project proposal, it is important to know your methodology and how you are going to achieve your objectives. This is because your results will be affected by the methods you use. The validity and reliability of your results rely on the methods you use.

For the social scientist like me, I now use this newly acquired knowledge of Data analysis.

You can download this book here.

Well, social sciences deals most of the time in conducting surveys. But mind you, it is not just a survey.

That is why you need to know more the basic of your statistical treatments and analysis.

Tip Number 5. Write project proposal now!

write project proposalNow that you are overloaded with the literature, knows the correct format and the needs of the community, then start writing.

You will never move forward unless you start doing what you want.

 Now that you know what to do.

Is there still a need to give you a project proposal template?

If yes, then go download this one.

Project management template

Or visit the websites of your funding agency and asked for the template.

How to do a participant observation

Excited to do a participant observation?


But first, let us define

What is Participant Observation?

Not just Observation, its Participation!
Not just Observation, its Participation!

Participant observation is type of data collection method typically carried out the qualitative research paradigm. It is a traditionally used methodology in numerous disciplines, particularly cultural anthropology and (European) ethnology, less so in sociology, communication studies, human geography and social psychology. (wikipedia.org)

It also used qualitative ways of data collection, for example interviewing, observation, and document analysis, are already included underneath the umbrella term of “ethnographic methods” in recent times.  http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/article/view/466/996 

What could we learn from participant observation?

According to Participant Observation Field Guide,

Data obtained through participant observation be a check against participants’ subjective reporting with the items they believe and do. Participant observation is additionally useful for gaining a comprehension of the physical, social, cultural, and economic contexts by which study participants live; the relationships among and between people, contexts, ideas, norms, and events; and people’s behaviors and activities – how they work, the frequency of which, with whom.

In addition to it, through participant observation, researchers may uncover factors necessary for a thorough idea of the research problem but which were unknown once the study principal purpose is. This is the advantage of the method because, although organic beef get truthful answers to the investigation questions we ask, organic beef not always ask the correct questions.

Please feel free to visit their site for the full Guide of Participant Observation here.

Now, when I had conducted my participant observation I didn’t only learn the community’s way of living, but the basic principles of life according to what the people believe.

Now, lets go on doing the research.

1. Openly state your identity and purpose. Always provide an honest response from the people in the community.

2. Maintain confidentiality.

3.  Be prepared and willing to adapt to a variety of uncontrolled situations and settings.

4. Observe the following:

  • Appearance
  • Verbal behavior and interactions
  • Physical behavior and gestures
  • Personal space – How close people stand to one another
  • Human traffic
  • People who stand out

Please feel free to visit their site for the full Guide of Participant Observation here.