Urban development using Community- Based Monitoring System (CBMS): Is this possible?
There are many things that you can do with CBMS especially if you integrate it with Geographical Information System (GIS).
In this article I will focus on the use of Community-Based Monitoring System as used in GIS for social program planning.
This article is also an excerpt of my proposal submitted in our institution.
Basically, there are two common applications of GIS 1) classified as project-based GIS and 2) institutional GIS applications. The first is focused in feasibility studies like site suitability, but also simulation studies, for instance in erosion modeling while the latter is found in governmental agencies like national topographic surveys, cadastral organizations and national census bureau’s (DE BY 2001).
In these institutional GIS applications, the purpose is to stay-up-to-date; provide data to others in the form of digital map (Ibid).
Other important uses of GIS hitherto have been is for policy implementation as applied by many researchers, engineers, government agencies. In fact, HLURB recognizes the importance of GIS in mapping as mentioned and included in the approved guidelines for the formulation of a CLUP.
Overtime, GIS has been adopted as a tool for policy implementation by many researchers. From national government, LGU down to BLGU, GIS has been an effective tool to analyze salient social conditions in the community.
For instance, mapping analysis program (MAP) was used for policy research options among HEIs in northern Philippines which aimed to: 1) develop a GIS-based decision support system (DSS) to establish geo-referenced data and information of HEIs and programs that incorporates and builds upon current understanding of the spatial distribution and cartographic modelling; and 2) operationalize such DSS for policy research development on HEIs (Pascual et al 2004).
Meanwhile, in the national government, Lagunzad (2003) studied how Geographical Positioning System (GPS), GIS and the traditional database applications will help in the management of the highway network using a common Locational Referencing System (LRS) that will integrate all data on road and bridge inventories.
In Palawan, GIS have been have proven highly supportive to Community Based Monitoring System (CBMS) implementation although its complexity and technical interpretation of CBMS results requires ‘experts’ in the planning office (http://www.pep-et.org/fileadmin/medias/pdf/CBMS_training/spatial_database).
In the rural village level, BLGUs used GIS to digitize the maps of schools, health centers, population density and overseas workers (http://www.cookbook.hlurb.gov.ph/4-01-03-how-we-use-gis-pateros), and at the same time gather information for the preparation of a Barangay map to use in the barangay hall and to gather useful data in the preparation of the CLUP (http://www.cookbook.hlurb.gov.ph).
In addition, empowered rural villagers in Barangay Esperanza set the direction and implementation of their own village’s development efforts through GIS (Tongco, 2011).
GIS helped the Barangay in several ways viz: mapping soil type and nutrient levels as well as determining the appropriate crops, mapping the distribution of coconut production and copra output based on several factors such as elevation and tree intervals, mapping denuded areas for replanting, and planning and implementing a better water supply system for an increasing population (Ibid).
On the other hand, GIS can be used to map village overseas foreign workers (OFW) to keep track of their whereabouts and working conditions, as well as for fundraising purposes (Ibid).
Moreover, in foreign countries, GIS is also used to map hunger and malnutrition to target nutrition programs in Panama, Ecuador, and the Dominican Republic with the use of ArcGIS Spatial Analyst.
The end result was an illustration of malnutrition mapping manual with a goal to increase the technical capacity of developing countries and provide them with the tools and expertise to conduct their own malnutrition mapping exercises.
Read the full report about GIS application on malnutrition here.
It is also used for Malaria prevention in Kenya. Results showed through spatial analysis of bed net distribution patterns and malaria infection rates and were mapped using GPS and GIS technology.
Read the full report here for your reference.