Climate change adaptation is an important policy and activity that a government should have.
The fact that we are facing changing climate, society has to adapt and mitigate it.
While looking for ideas in climate change adaptation strategies, I learned from my friend a very effective ways to adapt to changing climate.
Whether we like it or not, #climate change is real. Whether it is a foreign induced concept or natural phenomenon. Though some people would argue that its not true, but we felt it.
It is not just a term we used scientifically to refer to the variability of weather conditions that happened overtime. But it is how our world operates in a universal cosmic conflict that is not just caused by human beings but historically when there was a cosmic conflict between good and evil.
If you are looking to survive and adapt to this climate change, read on.
Not all of these climate change adaptation are suitable to all places because disasters are placed-based. So, it is advisable to look at your own situation in adopting to these practices.
In Southern Philippines, a very well documented survival list of climate change adaptation strategies were gathered.
Climate Change Adaptation Strategies of Indigenous People
According to the Jeremy Balondo – a researcher and entrepreneur, a tribe called Manobo and other Indigenous People (IP’s) had been living and are well-adapted to the flood plains of Agusan Marsh, in Agusan del Sur. Agusan Marsh is declared as a protected site under NIPAS (1994), Presidential Proclamation 913 (1996).
In his experience in documenting the study, the place is a flood prone area with a 3 month long period that its water reaches up to 4 meters.
How they adapt to it?
Climate change adaptation practiced by Indigenous People
In that place, rice and corn farming are one of the major crops in the community. They depended on that resource.
Change in Cropping pattern schedule.
Based on the report, “to adopt with the annual flooding season, which starts in December and lasts until February and to avoid flood damages to crops, the IPs have programed their rice and corn cropping schedule.
The first cropping (panuig) starts in March and harvests in May-June; and, the second cropping (pangulilang) starts in July and harvests in October-November.
Elevated and Floating House Structure
The IPs have built their houses with elevated floors, above the water level during flooding season, while others, especially those living along Agusan River, have built the entire house on top of a secured bamboo raft, causing the entire house to float during floods – keeping the entire family, their belongings, and their livestock, safe.
Early Warning System
Nowaday, with the technology supported by Department of Science and Technology (DOST), communities can now monitor hazard prone areas and even those which are affected by landslide and flooding. The project NOAH is best example of it.
In some places there are already built-in structure to monitor the river stream flow and early warning system. These technologies are products of research and development.
There is also a software that can automatically compute for vulnerability index in one or more communities. These are the advances that we have now. But for these IP’s, they have a simple early warning system.
In that documented report, “Information and communication materials are posted in strategic locations in participating and target communities throughout the Marsh. These are relevant information on what to do during floods, what to prepare, and how to avoid risks.
The most prominent, and most visible is the water level markers which are color-coded, to alert the people in case of flood: yellow is for caution (pag bantay), orange is for preparation (pag andam), and red is for the people to evacuate the place (pag bakwit).”
As you can see, these people have their own adaptation strategies to climate change. It doesn’t need a rocket science to adapt to our ever changing climate. All we need is to know what resources are available for us to adapt to it.
Science is good as long as it is mixed with indigenous knowledge.
There is no one size fits all to climate change adaptation.
Disasters and natural calamities are placed-based, so, in adaptation, there should always be a placed-based approach.